On September 30, 1996 the Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan signed the CTBT. The treaty was ratified by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan №270-II as of December 14, 2001, and entered into force for Kazakhstan on May 14, 2002.
Kazakhstan together with Japan was elected as Co-chair of the Conference on Article XIV of the CTBT for the period of 2015-2017.
The uniqueness of the Co-chairmanship of Kazakhstan and Japan lies in the fact that both countries have suffered from nuclear weapons and have the full moral right to appeal to the other States that have not signed and/or ratified the CTBT, calling to do so as soon as possible.
On October 27, 2015 in Astana, the President of Kazakhstan N.Nazarbayev and Prime Minister of Japan S.Abe issued a joint statement, which reaffirmed their strong commitment to the early entry into force of the CTBT. This document is the first document adopted at such a high political level.
On March 31, 2016 within the framework of the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington, a joint statement between Kazakhstan and Japan in support of the CTBT was issued.
On May 4, 2016 at the initiative of Kazakhstan and Japan a Working Paper in support of the CTBT was adopted during the session of the Open-Ended Working Group on nuclear disarmament in Geneva.
The efforts of Kazakhstan in the universalisation of the CTBT and to promote its ratification by other States include almost all main elements of the verification regime:
1. Establishment and operation of the Kazakh sector monitoring stations of International Monitoring System. In accordance with the Protocol to the CTBT within the period of 1999-2006 Kazakhstan completed the construction of five new IMS stations: four seismic and infrasonic one. As a result of these works in Kazakhstan successfully operate:
- A main station of seismic network PS23-Makanchi – seismic group (since 2000);
- Three auxiliary stations of seismic network: AS057-Borovoye – seismic group, replacement to the core network (since 2002), AS058-Kurchatov – seismic group (since 2006), AS059-Aktyubinsk - triple station (since 2005);
- Station of infrasound network IS031-Aktobe (since 2001).
Additionally, in support of the CTBT, and under the Agreement with the United States, two more seismic groups have been built: Akbulak in Western Kazakhstan and Karatau in Southern Kazakhstan. Additional 11 stations have been restored, modernized and functioning as potential cooperating national facilities.
2. Establishment and operation of the Kazakhstan National Data Center.
Data Center in Almaty has been established with the support of the CTBTO and the Norwegian Institute of Geophysical and Seismological Research NORSAR, and operates in constant communication with IMS and IDC. Communications network includes 132 communication channels, which provide automated data collection in real time from all Kazakhstan monitoring stations mode. Systematic exchange of data from 7 international and national data centers have been undertaken.
Since June 21, 2010 the Regional Training Center for Central Asian countries, experts for processing nuclear monitoring data has been opened and operating on the basis of the Kazakhstan National Data Center. This project was implemented jointly with the Government of Norway and the PTS to the CTBTO.
3. Support of the on-site inspection regime activities.
At the initiative of Kazakhstan in accordance with the decision of the Preparatory Commission of the CTBTO four field for field inspections of the experiment: in 1999, 2002 in 2005 and 2008 were held in Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan provided the territory of the former Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS) for field experiments, which facilitated to conduct exercises in conditions close to real.
The experiment, which was conducted in Kazakhstan in 1999, was the first in the history of the CTBTO and was attended by representatives of 7 countries.
The Field Experiment of 2008 in Kazakhstan was the largest, the results of which were of great importance for improvement of the guidance document on conducting on-site inspections.